Chili (Capsicum annuum L.) of family Solanaceae is both a vegetable and a spice crop of significant economic value in Pakistan.
Chili is an important ingredient in day to day curries, pickles and chatnies. It is very remunerative and brings good returns to the farmers. Chilies are produced seasonally but consumed throughout the year. The pods are marketed both in green and red form. There exists a great scope for its export. The pungency in chilies is due to an alkaloid capsaicin which has high medicinal value. The stem end of the pod has most of the glands that produce the capsaicin.
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