Pulses (Moong & Mash)
Moong and Mash are the important crops of Khareef. They contain almost 20% to 24% protein which is an important element of human diet.
Moong and Mash are very popular source of food among masses. These crops are widely cultivated in the country. There are certain kinds of germs in the plants of these pulses which get nitrogen from the air and provide food to the plants. Furthermore, their roots increase the fertility of land after getting rotten. Both moong and mash can be cultivated in the arid regions with equal success rate. Augmentation in the production rate of pulses is highly required in order to make the diet better and balanced in terms of nutrition and to meet the needs of increased population growth rate. Like other crops, increase in the production of pulses is possible only if there is an increase in the cultivated area and per acre production. Last year, there was an increase in area for the cultivation of moong than mash. The reason behind this difference was that the farmers took less interest in the cultivation of mash because they got better rates for moong in the year 2015-16. It is proven by different experiments that two moong crops, one in the spring season and the other one in summers, can be easily cultivated in a year. Cultivation of baharia moong plays an important role in retaining the fertility of earth of such areas which supports the cultivation of rice where the wheat or any other Rabi crop cannot be cultivated. Land with better drainage of water is suitable for cultivation while the barren and moisture absorbing land is inappropriate. Moong crop can give reasonable production rate on light land as well. The amount of moong plants should be ranged from 160000 to 180000. For obtaining required amount of plants, use 10 to 12 kg per acre seed with minimum growth rate of 80% for the types of niab moong-2006, niab moong 2011, izri moong 2006 and chakwal M-6. Before seeding, apply fungicides by 2g per one kilogram seeds. Mash 97, Mash Urooj 2011, NARC Mash-3 and Chakwal Mash are the mash types with high growth rate. A medium level land with better drainage or a fertile land is considered suitable for its cultivation while it is inappropriate to cultivate mash on barren moisture absorbing land. The amount of mash plants should be ranged from 160000 to 180000. For obtaining required amount of plants use 8 kg per acre seed for rainy areas while 12 kg per acre seed for other areas with the minimum growth rate of 80%. Apply fungicides on seeds before cultivation. Entire month of July is suitable for cultivation of Mash in irrigated areas. For arid regions, complete the cultivation from last week of June to second week of July. However, first week of July is more suitable for cultivation.
Use appropriate fungicides and herbicides according to the advice of local staff of the Department of Agriculture.
Cultivators should do assessment of their lands in order to determine the appropriate quantity of fertilizer to use.
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