Wheat is the most important cereal crop in Pakistan and staple food. Wheat has a large share of cultivated land in rabi season and hence large production is expected. The seed selected should be pure, healthy and free of disease. The seed should be bought from trusted sources, or the varieties approved by the local agriculture department should be used for sowing. The germination rate of seed should not be less than 85% or the seed rate should be increased accordingly.
For late sowing (pachaiti kasht), the seed should be increased to some extent because the germination rate is less in low temperature and less number of tiller form. The production of wheat is mainly from primary tiller, so in order to get sufficient produce in late sown crops, seed rate is increased to increase the number of primary tillers. In addition to this, increase in seed rate is also beneficial for the weed control, because in the presence of more wheat seedlings lesser number of weeds will be able to grow.